Tuesday, September 26, 2006

NA Research - Contra Costa County, California

Artifacts May Derail Building Of College By Matt Krupnick

"The discovery of millennia-old California Indian remains could derail plans for a community college campus in Brentwood."

The Contra Costa Community College District is researching its options for the new Los Medanos College branch after state archaeologists found ancient human remains on land that was planned as the main access road to the 30-acre campus. The bodies, found two months ago, could be as old as 7,000 years, officials said."

"There's no way we can offer that easement," said Craig Mattson, a superintendent with the California Department of Parks and Recreation. "This is a very significant site."
The college...is the latest Brentwood project near Marsh Creek to be affected by native village and burial sites.

Crews have removed the remains of at least 500 people...from the new Vineyards subdivision. That housing development is across Marsh Creek Road from the college site.

Remains and artifacts also have slowed plans for a proposed state park on the former Cowell Ranch near the historic John Marsh House and could affect part of the Highway 4 bypass.

The oldest remains are believed to belong to a tribe known as the Windmillers, archaeologists said. Newer bones found closer to the surface indicate that people settled along Marsh Creek for thousands of years."


Artifacts may derail building of collegeBy Matt Krupnick
(Contra Costa Times - Walnut Creek, Sep. 26, 2006)

Burial site imperils proposed collegeBy Matt Krupnick
(Contra Costa Times - Walnut Creek, CA, Sept 25,2006)

Web Sites at RootsWeb - Contra Costa CA

Contra Costa County, California (Wikipedia)
County seat is Martinez.

Martinez, California (Wikipedia)
County seat of Contra Costa County, California

Brentwood, California (Wikipedia)
Brentwood is a city in Contra Costa County, California

Native Californians
(East Contra Costa Historical Society and Museum)

Contra Costa County Historical Society

Indian Slavery In Contra Costa County
By The Honorable A. F. BrayContra Costa County, California Broadcast StationKLX, Oakland, California, Broadcast on February 22, 1938
(Contra Costa County Historical Society)

Contra Costa County History: Chapter 1: The Indians
Source: The History of Contra Costa County, California - published by The Elms Publishing Co., Inc., Berkeley, California, 1917 - Transcribed By Sally Kaleta[When the white man came upon the scene there were four tribes of Indians in Contra Costa County. These were the Juchiyunes, Acalanes, Bolgones, and Carquinez Indians.]
(CaliforniaGenealogy & History Archives)


Contra Costa County HistoryA Memorial and Biographical History of Northern California- Chicago, Lewis Publ. Co., 1891
(CaliforniaGenealogy & History Archives)

County Histories: Northern California/Sacramento Valley/Foothill CountiesNorthern California - Source: A Memorial and Biographical History of Northern California - Chicago, Lewis Publ. Co., 1891 /Sacramento Valley and Foothill Counties, California includes Amador, Butte, Colusa, El Dorado, Glenn, Nevada, Placer, Plumas, Sacramento, Shasta, Solano, Sutter, Trinity, Tehama, Yolo, and Yuba Counties.
(CaliforniaGenealogy & History Archives)

California Genealogy & History Archives

California Tribal Map (kstrom.net)

The Bay Miwok project Of Contra Costa County
The Indians of East and Central Contra Costa County were the Miwok. Miwok means people. Since the Miwok area covers the territory from here to Yosemite, they were called the Bay Miwok, meaning people of the bay. Five tribelets of Bay Miwok have been indentified. They are the Saclan, Chupcan, Volvon, Julpun, and Tatcan tribelets. The name of each tribelet came from the location of their village site. http://www.cccoe.net/miwokproject/Lesson1.html

Pioneer John Marsh [Brentwood, Contra Costa County, California]

Legacy left unwritten By Denis Cuff ContraCostaTimes

"John Marsh...had survived Indian wars, capture by Comanches and wilderness explorations with mountain men before becoming the first U.S. citizen to settle in Contra Costa County, then a largely untamed part of Mexico."

"Was Marsh a greedy recluse who deserved the label as the meanest man inCalifornia? Or was Marsh a far-sighted, brave trailblazer whose ability to flourish on dangerous frontiers made him an invaluable character in the taming of California and the West?

"Marsh had come west in stages after leaving New England...Marsh was one of the greatest of our early adventurers," wrote George Lyman in a 1931 biography. "He was a pioneer on six frontiers."

"After graduating from Harvard, Marsh worked as school master, Indian agent, trapper, justice of the peace and fur trader in what is now Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois and Missouri. He and his first wife created the first dictionary of the Lakota Sioux language"

[Kathleen Mero, Concord historian, active in John Marsh Historic Trust] "said her research shows...Marsh often traveled days to care for sick and injured patients...He chaired a county grand jury that castigated the public for treatment of American Indians...Marsh had his flaws," Mero said, "but he was important to the settlement of the West."

For more information, visit http://www.johnmarshhouse.com


Legacy left unwritten By Denis Cuff
(Contra Costa Times - Walnut Creek, CA, Sep. 24, 2006

“Doctor” John Marsh was born in 1799 in South Danvers, Massachusetts and died in Pacheco, Contra Costa County, California in 1856. He was an early pioneer and settler in California, and is often regarded as the first physician in California. Marsh became an Indian Agent for the Sioux Agency, and took a French/Indian mistress who bore him a son named Charles.

"He lived in Prairie du Chien where he got involved in the Black Hawk War between the Sioux and their rivals, the Fox and Sauk, and was blamed for a massacre of the Fox and Sauk by the Sioux. As a result he was forced to flee from Prairie Du Chien to New Salem, Illinois, taking his mistress and small child with him. Leaving them he returned to Prairie du Chien. His mistress, pregnant again and abandoned by her lover tried to walk for several hundred miles to rejoin him. The journey exhausted her and she and the child died in childbirth.

Marsh then gave his small son to a Painter family in New Salem to be raised, and once again became involved in Indian affairs. He was discovered selling guns illegally to some of the Indians and had to flee the territory, this time settling in Independence, Missouri, where he became a merchant. He visited his son once more, then his business failed and he emigrated to Southern California via the Santa Fe Trail."

"Shortly before his death, according to legend, a young man approached his door seeking shelter from a harsh storm. It was his son Charles, who had journeyed to California in search of his father. They enjoyed a happy, although short-lived reunion.


John Marsh (1799-1856) (Pioneer) (Wikipedia)


- Angel


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