Monday, October 02, 2006

New Georgia Encyclopedia Links – NA Research

New Georgia Encyclopedia
http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Home.jsp

New Georgia Encyclopedia: English Trade in Deerskins and Indian Slaves By Robbie Ethridge, University of Mississippi, Oxford[Forces for Change / How Indian Slave Trade Worked / Slaving in Georgia / Formation of Coalescent Societies]http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-585

New Georgia Encyclopedia: Spanish Missions Spanish
Chapter of Georgia's earliest colonial history dominated by mission era, extending from 1568-1684. Catholic missions were primary means by which Georgia's indigenous Native American chiefdoms were assimilated into Spanish colonial system along northern frontier of greater Spanish Florida.
http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-572&hl=y

New Georgia Encyclopedia: Indian Warfare
Significant warfare first began to develop among Georgia Indians in Mississippian Period (A.D. 800-1600), time when relatively large societies called chiefdoms evolved throughout southeastern North America. During this period defensive fortifications were first built around some towns. These included log palisades that completely encircled large towns such as Etowah Mounds in north Georgia.
http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-576&hl=y

New Georgia Encyclopedia: New Georgia Encyclopedia: Indian Missionshistory of Georgia's Indian missions - 1735-1838
http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-784&hl=y

New Georgia Encyclopedia: Joseph Vann (1798-1844)
Born on February 11, 1798, in northwest Georgia, Vann was son of Chief James Vann and Margaret "Peggy" Scott. His grandfather was Clement Vann, a Scottish trader who moved from Charleston, South Carolina, to Cherokee lands in northwest Georgia and married Wa-wli, a Cherokee Indian. Wa-wli was baptized by Moravian missionaries, and they changed her name to Mary Christiana.
http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-2494&hl=y

New Georgia Encyclopedia: Chief Vann House
Built between 1804-1806 by Cherokee leader James Vann, is called "Showplace of Cherokee Nation."
http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-2726&hl=y

New Georgia Encyclopedia: John Ross (1790-1866)Principal chief of Cherokee Nation in 1827, following establishment of government modeled on U.S. Born October 3, 1790, in Turkey Town, on Coosa River near present-day Center, Alabama. His family moved to base of Lookout Mountain, area became Rossville, Georgia. After attending South West Point Academy in Tennessee, Ross married Quatie (also known as Elizabeth Brown Henley).
http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-2887&hl=y

New Georgia Encyclopedia: John Rollin Ridge (1827-1867)Also known as Cheesquatalawny and Yellow Bird), considered first Native American novelist, Born near New Echota (near the present city of Rome) on March 19, 1827. His grandfather Major Ridge, his father, John Ridge, and his uncles Elias Boudinot (Buck Watie) and Stand Watie
http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-508&hl=y

New Georgia Encyclopedia: Major RidgeRidge was born in early 1770s in Tennessee. His Cherokee name, Kah-nung-da-tla-geh, means "the man who walks on the mountaintop." Englishmen called him "The Ridge."
http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-2885&hl=y

New Georgia Encyclopedia: Chieftains Museum/Major Ridge HomeMission of Chieftains Museum/Major Ridge Home in Rome is "to preserve and interpret the heritage Chieftains Museum represented by Chieftains house and campus." National Historic Landmark was home of prominent early-nineteenth-century Cherokee leader Major Ridge and family. "its heritage most significantly encompasses history/traditions of Cherokee Indians and clash of cultures in S.E. U.S. that culminated in tragedy known as 'Trail of Tears.'"
http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-2886&hl=y

New Georgia Encyclopedia: Sequoyah (ca. 1770-ca. 1840)
Sequoyah, or Sequoia (both spellings were given by missionaries, but Cherokee name closer to Sikwayi or Sogwali), also called George Gist or George Guess, was legendary creator of Cherokee syllabary. Born in village in mountains of Tennessee, he resettled in Arkansas when tribal land along Little Tennessee River was ceded to whites in 1790s.
http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-618&hl=y

New Georgia Encyclopedia: Elias Boudinot (ca. 1804-1839)
Elias Boudinot born in Oothcaloga, in northwest Georgia, about 1804. He was called Gallegina, or the Buck, and was eldest of nine children. His father, Oo-watie, a Cherokee. Elias formally educated became editor of Cherokee Phoenix, first Native American newspaper in U.S.
http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-626&hl=y

New Georgia Encyclopedia: Cherokee Phoenix
First Native American newspaper in U.S., first printed 1828 in New Echota, Georgia, capital of the Cherokee Nation.
http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-611

New Georgia Encyclopedia: Cherokee RemovalIn 1838-39, Cherokee Trail of Tears, U.S. troops, prompted by state of Georgia, expelled Cherokee Indians from their ancestral homeland in Southeast and removed them to Indian Territory in what is now Oklahoma
http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-2722

New Georgia Encyclopedia: Worcester v. Georgia (1832)
Court case Worcester v. Georgia, the U.S. Supreme Court held in 1832 that Cherokee Indians constituted a nation holding distinct sovereign powers. The decision became foundation of the principle of tribal sovereignty in twentieth century, it did not protect Cherokees from being removed from their ancestral homeland in Southeast.
http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-2720&hl=y

New Georgia Encyclopedia: Creek Indians
http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-579&hl=y

New Georgia Encyclopedia: Creek Indian Leaders
http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-2550&hl=y

New Georgia Encyclopedia: Malatchi (ca. 1720-1756)
Chief and warrior of town of Coweta of the Lower Creek Indians during 1740s and 1750s. He was probably second son of Brims. Malatchi supported land claims of his relative (possibly his cousin) Mary Musgrove in her attempts to acquire Yamacraw tract along Savannah River and islands of St. Catherines, Sapelo, and Ossabaw. http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-2880&hl=y

New Georgia Encyclopedia: Brims (d. 1733)
Date of birth and place of his birth and death remain unknown. Brims operated in Georgia during early eighteenth century. He filled positions of mico (ruler) and warrior fortown of Coweta, and his multiple skills gained him title emperor. He began a powerful lineage, including Chigelli (brother), Malatchi (son), and Togulki (grandson), all of whom upheld his political strategy, and he was probably uncle to Mary Musgrove, although her exact claims of kinship are unclear.
http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-2881

New Georgia Encyclopedia: Mary Musgrove (ca. 1700-ca. 1763)Known as Coosaponakeesa among Creek Indians, Mary Musgrove served as cultural liaison between colonial Georgia and her Native American community in mid-eighteenth century. http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-688&hl=y

New Georgia Encyclopedia: Land Lottery SystemBetween 1805 and 1833, state of Georgia conducted eight land lotteries (one each in 1805, 1807, 1820, 1821, 1827, and 1833 and two in 1832) in which public lands in interior of state were dispersed to small yeoman farmers based on system of eligibility and chance.
http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-3299&hl=y

New Georgia Encyclopedia: Westo Indians
http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-575&hl=y

New Georgia Encyclopedia: Yamacraw Indians
http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-3543&hl=y

New Georgia Encyclopedia: Tomochichi (ca. 1644-1739)
Chief of the Yamacraw Indians
http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-689&hl=y

New Georgia Encyclopedia: Late Prehistoric/Early Historic Chiefdoms
(ca. A.D. 1300-1850) Nature of Chiefdoms / Chiefdom of Coosa /Other Chiefdoms/ End of Chiefdoms
http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-573&hl=y

New Georgia Encyclopedia: Indian Trails
http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-790&hl=y

New Georgia Encyclopedia: Languages of Georgia
IndiansMuskogean / Iroquoian / Language Isolates
http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-2752&hl=y

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